Research Mentor(s): Laura Thomas, Lab Manager/Project Manager
Research Mentor School/College/Department: Anesthesiology, Michigan Medicine
Presentation Date: Thursday, April 22, 2021
Session: Session 6 (4pm-4:50pm)
Breakout Room: Room 13
Recently, opioids have been used more often to treat pain in the US, especially in the emergency department. With the increased use of prescribed opioids to manage pain, however, non-medical use of opioids (use of opioids that is not consistent with prescription) has also increased. This study was undertaken to test the effectiveness of remote intervention, such as reinforcement learning (RL) and motivational enhancement (ME), to adult patients who received opioids in the emergency department (ED), to patients who are prescribed opioids at ED discharge, or to patients with recent non-medical opioid use who do not receive opioids in the ED and are not prescribed opioids at ED discharge. 600 ED patients were recruited and randomized to the remote intervention. Participants completed follow-up surveys via email, text, or phone call at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after their ED visit to find out the level of non-medical opioid use. Although results have not been fully found, patients who have finished their final 6 month follow up survey have found this study to be effective, which falls in line with the goal of this study. By the end of this study, the project is hoping to find this remote intervention to be successful in managing non-medical opioid use for patients who have visited the ED. If this study is successful, it has the potential to lead a new approach to opioid safety and remote intervention, which can be completed more conveniently than in-person intervention.
Authors: Oriana Haynes, Laura Thomas, Arie Shaw, Jessica Tundo, Julia Lynch, Guian Estupigan, Dixy Rajkumar, Dana Horowitz, Rohan Nanwani
Research Method: Clinical Research