Scoping review on the impact of type 2 diabetes self management programs in Asian-Americans – UROP Spring Symposium 2021

Scoping review on the impact of type 2 diabetes self management programs in Asian-Americans

Seo Young Jang

Seo Young Jang

Pronouns: she/her/hers

Research Mentor(s): Anthony Tolentino, Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Research Mentor School/College/Department: Nursing, Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, School of Nursing
Presentation Date: Thursday, April 22, 2021
Session: Session 5 (3pm-3:50pm)
Breakout Room: Room 12
Presenter: 1

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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is among the top reasons for deaths in Asian-Americans (AA). While this group consists of people from over 20 different countries, existing research often does not reflect the diversity and differences among AA, including many existing diabetes self-management programs (DSMP). No previous studies have compared existing DSMPs targeting AA. This scoping review includes adult AA participants and T2 DSMPs. DSMPs were defined as managing an individual’s condition, including self-care, symptom management, family management, medical-management, emotional management, or resource utilization. Keywords used to search for relevant articles included type 2 diabetes, Asian Americans (and its different subpopulations), and self-management. We searched for relevant articles with no data range in six databases, yielding 2581 results. DistillerSR was used to screen and extract data. After screening for titles and abstracts, 311 articles were included in the full-text screening. After screening the full-text articles, 31 articles were included in the final analysis. Articles were excluded if they were non-primary research studies, did not focus on T2D or AA adults, and did not include DSMPs. Data on different interventions and outcomes were extracted and analyzed using a charting form. We hypothesized that there is a need for more research focusing on minority subgroups. We also hypothesized that there is a need for more specialization of DSMPs to overcome many barriers AA face in healthcare, so that specific cultural and ethnic needs are addressed. Improved understanding of existing research may improve and guide future research in developing T2D self-management interventions for AA.

Authors: Seo Young Jang, Celeste Kettaneh, Judith Smith, Samreen Ali, Dante Anthony Tolentino
Research Method: Library/Archival/Internet Research

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