Research Mentor(s): Sarah Stoddard, Associate Professor
Research Mentor School/College/Department: Systems Leadership and Effectiveness Science, School of Nursing
Presentation Date: Thursday, April 22, 2021
Session: Session 3 (1pm-1:50pm)
Breakout Room: Room 13
In recent literature, the various impacts of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) on adolescent functioning have been studied both broadly and particularly. Known effects include mental disorders, substance abuse, and socioeconomic challenges. This review specifically analyzes the effect of one ACE exposure, community violence, on the academic outcomes and functioning of school-age adolescents. In addition, protective factors such as social support were examined to determine if they influenced the relationship between community violence and school outcomes. To compose findings, a subset group of ten published articles was retrieved for an in-depth evaluation. Elements of those articles were used to demonstrate results and support conclusions. From the reviewed literature, the correlation between community violence and academic functioning is apparent, suggesting that exposure to community violence causes a decrease in academic functioning for all school-age adolescents. With the implementation of social support as a protective factor, for most students, while there was still a decline in academic functioning, it was less severe.
Authors: Sarina Sandhu, Sarah Stoddard
Research Method: Library/Archival/Internet Research