Research Mentor(s): Joshua Ehrlich, Assistant Professor
Research Mentor School/College/Department: Kellogg Eye Center, Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Michigan Medicine
Presentation Date: Thursday, April 22, 2021
Session: Session 5 (3pm-3:50pm)
Breakout Room: Room 13
The National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) is an ongoing national study of the elderly population in the U.S. and is focused on vision impairment (VI) and blindness disability and allows researchers to study the variety of the key disadvantageous consequences linked with VI in older adults. This assessment of VI through NHATS to done through a series of survey questions that require binary responses and past studies to construct a binary indicator of VI an approach that may restrict the precision of the data measurements. To address this, a 6-level measurement of VI was created to validate each of the vision-related questions in the survey. It is expected that there will be a more rapid deterioration experience in the vision of older adults leading to a decline in function and wellbeing when contrasted to those with healthier vision. This study examines the association of vision with changes in injury and wellbeing directions in the elderly. The hypothesis is that a higher level of VI will be strongly connected with declining disability and wellbeing trajectories. Further, we anticipate that the impact of VI on disability and wellbeing will be greater among minority groups such as Black and Hispanic subjects compared to White participants. The results of this study will inform future targeted interventional research to optimize health, wellbeing, and independence for the growing number of older adults with VI.