WAGSFP: Women and Gender Summer Fellowship Program – UROP Summer Symposium 2021

WAGSFP: Women and Gender Summer Fellowship Program

A Literature Review of Sex Differences in fMRI tasks used in MTwiNS Study

Claire Goods | WAGSFP

In previous clinical studies, males and females complete the same tasks; however, only a subset of those studies focus on sex-based differences in task interaction (Uhl et. al. 2007). Failure to look at sex differences in outcome and response may lead to aggregation of sex-related responses, causing neither sex to be accurately characterized (Institute of Medicine 1994). This presentation reviews the existing literature on sex differences for the following fMRI decision based tasks: Wack-A-Mole go no-go, Emotional go no-go, Event Related and Gender Rated Faces, Blocked Faces vs. Shapes, MID Reward, and Card Reward. All of these tasks are done at the Michigan Neurogenetics and Developmental Psychopathology (MiND) lab for their twin study (MTwiNS). MTwiNS aims to understand how antisocial behaviors are expressed in the brain. Antisocial symptomatology is more often present and studied in males, leading to many questions about how females with antisocial behaviors may differ (P Moran 1999).

A mobile contraceptive decision support tool for people with health conditions: A pilot feasibility study in primary care (The My Health, My Choice Study)

Freda Frimpong | WAGSFP

Background: Finding the right birth control can be difficult. It can be especially challenging for people with chronic conditions who may have contraindications to hormonal methods and disease-specific concerns related to reproductive health and contraception. Aims: 1) To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a novel mobile contraceptive decision tool (My Health, My Choice); 2) to explore associations between use of My Health My Choice and contraceptive use, contraceptive satisfaction, person-centered contraceptive counseling, and contraceptive self-efficacy.

Assessing the Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Consequences of Men Recognizing Subtle Gender Bias Against Women in STEM

Udoka Nwansi | WAGSFP

Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) frequently encounter gender bias (e.g., questioning of their STEM ability, assignment to secretarial roles). Given the subtle and ambiguous nature of contemporary sexism, people vary in their likelihood of recognizing subtly sexist interactions. Past research demonstrates that women are more sensitive to gender bias and more likely to perceive it. However, there remains a dearth of research related to men’s experiences in witnessing bias. In the present research, we ask: what are the (1) affective, (2) cognitive, and (3) behavioral consequences of perceiving subtle gender bias during group tasks?

Binge Drinking Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Youth

Greta Kruse | WAGSFP

Sexual minority youth (SMY), defined as youth who are not heterosexual or cis gendered, disproportionately engage in alcohol use behaviors, namely binge drinking, current alcohol use, and younger age of first consumption. Despite these disparities, research focused on alcohol use behaviors among SMY is limited. Because alcohol consumption is linked to sexual and other risk behaviors, there is a critical need to expand on this body of research to inform the development of interventions to decrease alcohol use behaviors among SMY. The purpose of this study was to explore whether SMY are more likely to report binge drinking than sexual majority groups in Michigan.

Optimizing a Daily Mindfulness Intervention to Reduce Stress from Discrimination among Sexual and Gender Minorities of Color

Olivia Jayakar | WAGSFP

This multiphase optimization study evaluate the effectiveness of different components of a mindfulness-based intervention to reduce stress from discrimination among sexual and gender minorities of color. Researchers have found that sexual and gender minorities of color are discriminated against based on race and/or sexual orientation status and/or gender.

Religious Universities and Campus Sexual Assault: A Media Analysis from 1990-2019

Leilani Fonseca | WAGSFP

The media is one of the primary institutions that shapes our understanding of social problems. Narratives constructed by the media help to build consensus around the nature of a problem, the actors involved, and what kinds of solutions would be appropriate. This project engages with a range of social problems including violence against women, toxic masculinity, and the campus sexual assault epidemic. Examining media construction of these problems over time and noting the variance within and between seemingly similar events may help to reveal how different social problems overlap and influence one another.

Representations of ‘Sexlessness’ in Japan

Adrian Beyer | WAGSFP

Rural-Urban Disparities in Perinatal Insurance Coverage

Maya Millette | WAGSFP

“Objective: To provide updated estimates on patterns of health insurance coverage at preconception, birth, and postpartum and to examine differences among rural compared with urban residents.

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